Septic System: A Guide

Posted on: 21 February 2024

Septic systems are a crucial part of any property that is not connected to a municipal sewer system. A septic system needs proper care and maintenance for its longevity and optimal performance. Operating and maintaining a septic system can be a daunting task, but with knowledge and professional guidance, it is a straightforward process.

How Does a Septic System Work?

The septic system is a self-contained wastewater treatment system. It is made up of a tank and a drain field. Waste flows from the building to the septic tank, which separates solids and scum from the liquids. The solids and scum remain in the tank while the liquids exit the tank and flow into the drain field. The wastewater is slowly filtered through the soil, treated with microorganisms as it is absorbed, and eventually filtered into the groundwater. The septic system needs proper installation and regular maintenance to ensure the smooth flow of wastewater.

Septic System Maintenance:

Septic system maintenance includes the inspection of all components, including the tank, drain field, and piping. A professional septic service provider should conduct regular inspections, typically every few years, and pump the system of accumulated solids. Overloading the system can be dangerous and lead to the failure of the system. Homeowners should also avoid flushing non-biodegradable items, such as feminine products, wet wipes, and medication, and keep oil and grease out of the system. It is also imperative to keep heavy equipment, such as vehicles, off the drain field, as it may damage pipes and underground components.

Signs of Septic System Failure:

A failing septic system is an unpleasant and dangerous problem. It may contaminate nearby wells and water supply. It is essential to recognize the signs of septic system failure, such as slow drainage, unpleasant odors, and gurgling sounds. Lush green grass and pooling water on or near the drain field are other signs of septic system failure. It is also necessary to monitor the level of wastewater in the tank frequently.

Septic System Replacements:

In some cases, a septic system may need replacing if it fails. It can be expensive and require a permit from the local authorities. If you are planning to buy a new property, it is crucial to have the septic system inspected before purchasing. Installing a new septic system can be a daunting task, and it is essential to pick a qualified and licensed professional.

For more information, contact a company like Madden Septic.